Semantic versioning (SemVer) is a standard for defining the version numbers. A version number consists of three numbers separated by periods (X.Y.Z). The type of change being introduced (e.g. a new feature or a change that breaks backwards compatibility) determines which numbers are incremented.
When using git add -p and faced with a hunk that can not be split sufficiently for your purposes, you can use the e option (manually edit the current hunk). Unfortunately, after manually editing the current hunk it is common to get the message “Your edited hunk does not apply.” I’ve found there are some things I can do to avoid this failure.
A lot of the posts I write include command-line interface (CLI) commands to type in. I’ve found over time there are things I can do to improve how these commands are communicated.
In the Clue Board Game (a.k.a. Cluedo), the Exhibitionist Gambit is when you suggest three cards in your own hand.
The short answer is, “yes”. You should use your .gitignore file to ignore the .env file.
In most operating systems by default, files that start with a period (.) are hidden. When setting up my .gitignore file, I like to ignore all these hidden files (with a few exceptions).
This is my general starter .gitignore file for projects. I have a separate .gitignore for WordPress websites.
By using “git add -p”, I can include some of my current changes in my commit (without including all of my changes).
While my mental model visualizes a Git branch as a stack of building blocks, in actuality a Git branch is a pointer to a single commit. Under the hood Git stores a text file for each branch and in the text file is a single line, which is the commit hash indicating the commit at the tip of that branch.
A Git commit, represented by a single building block in my Git mental model, is a frozen moment in time for your project (sometimes referred to as a snapshot). Along with this snapshot Git stores metadata about the commit (e.g. the author of the commit). Each commit has a unique identifier called the commit hash (a.k.a. SHA), a 40 character long alphanumeric string that is often abbreviated to just the first seven characters (e.g. “2b3a38b”).